Sally Kuykendall, Ph.D.
Dr. Sally Kuykendall (pronounced KIRK ken Dahl) earned a diploma in nursing, BSc (Hons) in chemistry, MS in health education and PhD in health studies. Her area of expertise is youth and family violence prevention programs. To date, she has secured a total of over $3.5million in grant support from Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities, Children’s Trust Fund, William Penn Foundation, Pennsylvania Department of Education, the Barra Foundation, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the Institute of Catholic Bioethics at Saint Joseph’s University. From 2001-2007, Kuykendall (Black) conducted one of the first independent evaluations of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program in the United States. As part of the evaluation, she spent hundreds of hours surveying students and observing behaviors at lunch and recess. The study yielded several novel ways to measure violence and program fidelity. Kuykendall has published eight peer reviewed journal articles, two conference proceedings, over forty conference presentations, a reference book on bullying for high school students and provided content expertise on two children's books and the PBS show "Beyond the Bully" by KSMQ in Rochester, MN. Kuykendall is currently working on the Family Safe Zone project, a collaborative program designed to promote parenting skills and positive childhood development through healthcare systems.
Reviews of Kuykendall's Bullying: Medical Issues book note that the resource goes beyond the bully-victim interactions: "Kuykendall’s approach in this fairly dense text is to define and describe bullying through a medical lens, though she incorporates basic sociological and psychological concepts as well. Every party involved in the bullying cycle is examined, including not only the bully and victim, but also henchmen and bystanders. Symptoms of both victimization and perpetration are explored in depth, along with pervasive misconceptions and myths. In addition to discussing the very real health consequences of bullying, Kuykendall’s main point is that the real way to stop bullying is to understand the fluid nature of power and why some people feel the need to control through abuse. Interventions aimed at stopping bullying, she writes, are systemic, designed to build a community of caring members with equal rights. This multifaceted biopsychosocial approach is complex but, for sure, relevant. A great resource for students conducting research, adults looking to intercede in the cycle of abuse, or victims looking for recourse. Grades 9-12." -Erin Anderson, Booklist
R.N. Thomas Jefferson University (1981) Diploma in Nursing
B.Sc. (Hons) Plymouth Polytechnic, England (1988) Chemistry and Biology
M.S. Saint Joseph’s University (1996) Health Education
Ph.D. Temple University (2001) Health Studies
1981-1982 Agency Nurse, Philadelphia, PA
1982-1989 State Registered Nurse, United Kingdom
1990-1993 Registered Nurse, Intensive Care Unit, Philadelphia and Abington, PA
1993-1994 Clinical Instructor of medical-surgical nursing, Abington School of Nursing, Abington, PA
1995-1996 Clinical Research Coordinator, SmithKline Beecham
1998-2000 Teaching Assistant of Health Sciences, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
2000-2005 Adjunct Professor of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
2002-2004 Visiting Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph’s University, Philadelphia, PA
2004-2011 Assistant Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph’s University
2011-2014 Chair and Associate Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph’s University
2014-present Professor of Health Services, Saint Joseph's University
Health services research methods
Nutrition: Health and disease
Health of the school-aged child
Human sexuality and disease
Public health and epidemiology
Kuykendall, S. (2012). Bullying: Health and Medical Issues Today, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO Greenwood Press.
Kuykendall, S. (2013). Measuring the impact of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: An evaluation study. SAGE Cases in Methodology.
Perdew, L. (2014) Bullying. S. Kuykendall (ed). Abdo publishing: Minneapolis, MN.
"What to Do About Bullies?: A Perspectives Flip Book" by Red Line Editorial (2014)
"Beyond the Bully" public television channel KSMQ in Rochester, MN, (May 2014)
JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS (* co-author is a community partner)
Black, S., (1997). Dream Interpretation, The Nursing Spectrum, 6, 24.
Black, S., Davis, M.B.*, & Dempsey, S.H.* (2010). Practitioner Recommended Practices for Children Exposed to Domestic Violence. Health Promotion Practice, 11 (6), 900-907.
Black, S., & Hausman, A. (2008). Adolescents’ Views of Guns in a High-Violence Community. Journal of Adolescent Research. 23 (5), 592-610.
Black, S., Hausman, A., Dempsey, S.H.*, Davis, M.B.*, & Robbins, S.* (Spring 2009). From childhood exposure to domestic violence victimization: Female intergenerational transmission of domestic violence. Family Violence Prevention & Health Practice E-journal available at: http://endabuse.org/health/ejournal/
Black, S. & Jackson, E.* (2007) Using bullying incident density to evaluate the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program. School Psychology International Journal, 28, 623-638.
Black, S.A., & Matthews, G. P. (1989). Colorimetric and gas chromatographic determination of total fluoride in toothpastes containing ionic and covalent fluoride, Analytical Proceedings, 26, 67-69.
Black, S., & Washington, E.* (2008). Evaluation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program in Nine Urban Schools: Effective Practices and Next Steps, Educational Research Service Spectrum, 26 (4), 7-19.
Black, S., Washington, E.*, Trent, V.* Harner. P.* & Pollock, E. (2010). Translating the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program into real world practice. Health Promotion Practice, 11(5), 733-740.
Black, S., Weinles, D.* & Jackson, E.* (2010). Victim strategies to stop bullying. Youth Violence & Juvenile Justice, 8(2), 138-147.
Kuykendall, S. (February 2011). Bullying: What a pediatrician should know. E. Shafer (ed.). Infectious Diseases in Children.
Black, S. (2007). Evaluation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: How it can work for inner city kids. Scientific proceedings at 2007 National Conference on Safe Schools and Communities, Washington, D.C. Available at: http://gwired.gwu.edu/hamfish/merlin-cgi/p/downloadFile/d/19136/n/off/ot...
Black, S., Weinles, D. & Jackson, E. (2007). Victim responses to bullying, perceptions of what works, what doesn’t. Scientific proceedings at 2007 AERA conference, Chicago, IL.
PUBLICATIONS IN FULFILLMENT OF ACADEMIC DEGREE
Black, S.A. (2002). A Phenomenological Description of Youth Firearm Carrying, Doctoral Dissertation, UMI Number 3057059.
Grants and Awards
Family Safe Zone funded by Barra Foundation, Children's Trust Fund, and Saint Christopher's Foundation
Partnering with Parents funded by Chidlren's Trust Fund
Pediatric Champions funded by the Barra Foundation
Evaluation of the National Health Corps funded by Americorps
Caregivers Helping to Affect and Nurture Children Early (CHANCE) program evaluations funded by the Children’s Trust Fund and Safe and Bright Futures for Children
Evaluation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program funded by Center for Safe Schools, Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD) and PA Department of Education
Healthy Lessons for Urban Youth a non-competing grant funded by the Centers for Disease Control
Implementation of the Second Step program funded by PCCD
Research-based violence and delinquency prevention in Philadelphia funded by PCCD
Community Impact Award from GlaxoSmithKline
Teaching Excellence Award, Saint Joseph’s University
Ambassador Award, Abington Memorial Hospital
Meggy Memorial Prize in Practical Chemistry, University of Plymouth
Advancements in biology, chemistry, genetics, neurology, psychology, and sociology have opened the doors to new treatment possibilities. Patients can now expect doctors to prescribe the most effective and safe treatment available. These same scientific advancements can be applied to other long-standing public health problems, such as youth violence. Psychological and neurological research shows that children learn by watching others. Specialized motor neurons light up when children watch adults perform a behavior. It doesn’t matter whether the skill is positive, such as learning how to ride a bike, or negative, such as throwing an object in anger. To complicate the issue, youth do not have a fully developed brain. They use different areas of their brain to problem solve than the adult brain uses. Youth act on gut instincts, not fully contemplating the consequences of possible actions. These findings explain why injuries are one of the leading causes of death for young people in America. My research focuses on using medical science to develop the effective and safe youth violence prevention programs. Partnering with local practitioners, parents, teachers, healthcare professionals, children, and program funders, we select programs that have a strong scientific foundation and suggest promising outcomes, pilot the programs in local communities and evaluate the programs for effectiveness and safety. Our goal is to eliminate programs that do not work (or cause more harm than good) and to promote the use of evidence-based programs and practices in local communities.
Mentioned in SJU News
Intellect, Spring 2013