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HIS 344 The Environmental History of Africa (3 credits)

This course will focus on the relationship between African societies and their environments from the pre-colonial period to the present-day. We will examine diverse African strategies for surviving in frequently harsh surroundings. We will also analyze the impact of colonial policies and "Western" science on these strategies. Finally, we will use this

historical

background to study the problems that currently face African communities, including desertification, conflicts over land use, and arguments about conservation.