Step 1: Define the Decision
Start by defining the decision. You are choosing a major. This major will not necessarily dictate your career choice – major choice and career choice are two separate decisions.
Step 2: Know Yourself
Identify your most important interests (what you enjoy), skills (what you do well), and values (what motivates you). Discover the "real you" and what you want to achieve. Keep in mind that the more passionate you are about your intended major, the likelier you are to enjoy your studies.
Some questions to ask yourself:
- What activities do I enjoy during my spare time?
- What kinds of books or websites do I most like to read?
- What classes have I most enjoyed?
- What activities do I do well? What have I done in the past that makes me especially proud?
- In what type of classes do I perform best (e.g., lectures, seminars, labs, discussion)?
- What clubs and organizations have I been involved in? What did I like/dislike about these experiences?
- What were my favorite (and least favorite) jobs? Which skills did I particularly enjoy using/developing?
Sometimes these questions are harder to answer than you might expect. The SJU Career Development Office has resources to help you. Career Assessment tools such as The Strong Interest Inventory and the Myers Briggs Type Indicator are useful for self-discovery. If you would like to learn more, call (610-660-3100) or email (email@example.com) Career Development to schedule an appointment with a career counselor.
Step 3: Make a List of Possible Majors
Majors & Minors offered in the College of Arts & Sciences
Develop a list of majors that you would like to explore. Consider how your strengths, interests, and goals compare with possible majors – you will naturally gravitate towards some majors and eliminate others.
Some questions to consider as you investigate majors:
- How many courses are required to complete this major?
- Who are the faculty in the department?
- Is it possible to double major or complete a minor in Haub School of Business?
- What specifically interests me about this major?
- Why would I expect to do well in this course of study?
- What are four skills I will need to possess or develop to be successful in the study of this major?
- Is co-op available? If so, what type of placements are typical for students in this major?
- Does this major allow for internships or study abroad? If so, what are the requirements?
- Looking through the SJU Catalog, how many of the courses offered in this major genuinely appeal to me? Which ones are most interesting?
- What is the connection between this major and my career plans?
- What are examples of careers SJU graduates with this major pursued?
Some strategies for investigating majors include:
- Review the requirements for majors in the SJU Course Catalog (Please note: the Catalog for the 2011-2012 academic year is not yet available) or on the University Website
- Talk with professors in departments of interest to you. Don’t be afraid to visit them in office hours! Professors want to talk with you about their department, even if you’re not sure if you’ll become a major
- Take a look at the textbooks you would be using in your classes and any available web resources
- Consider auditing a class
- Take an introductory course in a field of study that is interesting to you
- Talk with students in the major or alumni who graduated with the major
- Meet with a counselor in the Career Development Office
- Visit the Majors resource section on the Career Development Website
Step 4: Evaluate and Decide
Time to make a choice! Take a step back and think about all the information you have gathered. Students will make their final choice in different ways. Some may know intuitively what they really want to do. Others, who need more guidance, may find tools like the “Major Analysis Sheet” a great help in making a selection. Ultimately, however, this needs to be YOUR decision. Be aware of and address any obstacles that may hinder your decision making ability. This may include anxiety, perceived expectations, your own thoughts, financial concerns, parental pressure, others’ opinions/needs, etc. If you are encountering obstacles or feeling “stuck,” talk with a career counselor in the CDO, your faculty advisor, or a staff member in the HSB Advising Center.
Step 5: Take Action and Re-Evaluate
Follow through on your decision. Meet with your advisor/professors to develop an academic plan. Remember that decision-making is an ongoing process. Once you have declared a major you may find yourself frequently evaluating whether or not you made the best choice. As you take more classes and gain experience you will determine if you made the best choice for you.
SOME MYTHS ABOUT CHOOSING A MAJOR
Myth: Choosing a major and a career are basically the same thing
Choosing a major and deciding on a career are two separate decisions. In most cases, your skills, experience, and your demonstrated academic success are far more important than your actual major. Complement your major coursework with internships, coursework in a particular area of interest, volunteer work, independent research, study abroad, etc. These experiences will help to fine-tune your career interests and help you prepare for the first step following graduation.
Myth: Somewhere there is a test or an expert that can tell me what to do for the rest of my life
Career interest inventories and personality inventories can help you to clarify your skills, interest, values, and preferences for work and indicate some career areas to consider, but that’s all. The answers are inside of you – don’t be fooled into thinking that a “test” knows what is best for you better than you do.
Myth: The major I choose now will determine my lifelong career
Studies have shown that within ten years after graduation most people are working in careers that are not directly connected to their undergraduate majors. People change and careers change. New types of jobs emerge every year and most of us have no idea what those jobs will be and what education/training will be required. Because of this, the emphasis should be on developing transferable skills (e.g., writing, communication, technical, problem-solving, interpersonal) that employers want and that graduates will need in order to adjust to rapidly changing careers.