Christopher Close, Ph.D.
Dr. Close came to Saint Joseph's University in fall 2012. His research focuses on the history of early modern Europe with a special interest in the intersection of religion and politics in European society from the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries. His first monograph, The Negotiated Reformation: Imperial Cities and the Politics of Urban Reform (1525-1550) (Cambridge University Press, 2009), examines how networks of support and communication between cities enabled the Protestant Reformation to spread and survive in southern Germany. His second book, State Formation and Shared Sovereignty: The Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic, 1488-1696 (Cambridge University Press, 2021) reevaluates traditional models of state formation by analyzing the operation of alliances in the Holy Roman Empire and the Low Countries during the early modern period. Dr. Close's articles have appeared in several scholarly journals, including Central European History, The Sixteenth Century Journal, Archive for Reformation History, European History Quarterly, and German History.
- B.A., University of Iowa
- Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania
- State Formation and Shared Sovereignty: The Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic, 1488-1696. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2021.
- The Negotiated Reformation: Imperial Cities and the Politics of Urban Reform, 1525-1550. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009; Paperback 2018.
- “Politics under the Guild Regime.” In _Late Medieval and Early Modern Augsburg 1400-1800_. Eds. Mark Häberlein and B. Ann Tlusty (Leiden: Brill, 2020), 123-145.
- “The Imperial Diet in the 1520s.” In _Martin Luther in Context_. Ed. David Whitford (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018), 127-134.
- “Reawakening the ‘Old Evangelical Zeal’: The 1617 Reformation Jubilee and Collective Memory in Strasbourg and Ulm.” _The Sixteenth Century Journal_ 48, 2 (Summer 2017): 299-321.
- “City-States, Princely States, and Warfare: Corporate Alliance and State Formation in the Holy Roman Empire (1540-1610).” _European History Quarterly_ 47, 2 (2017): 205-228.
- “The Diet of Worms and the Holy Roman Empire.” In _Martin Luther: A Christian between Reforms and Modernity (1517-2017)_. Ed. Alberto Melloni, vol. 1 (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2017), 313-326.
- “Der Reichstag zu Worms und das Heilige Römische Reich.” In _Martin Luther. Ein Christ zwischen Reformen und Moderne (1517-2017)_. Ed. Alberto Melloni, vol. 1 (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2017), 327-342.
- "La dieta di Worms e il Sacro Romano Impero." In _Lutero. Un cristiano e la sua eredita 1517-2017_. Ed. Alberto Melloni, vol. 1 (Bologna: Mulino, 2017), 253-266.
- “Urban Magistrates, Religious Reform, and the Politics of Alliance in the Low Countries and Southern Germany.” In _Entfaltung und zeitgenössische Wirkung der Reformation im europäischen Kontext_. Eds. Irene Dingel and Ute Lotz-Heumann (Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2015), 154-172.
- “Regional History and the Comparative Turn in the Study of Early Modern German Cities.” _German History_ 32, 1 (2014): 112-129.
- “Estate Solidarity and Empire: Charles V’s Failed Attempt to Revive the Swabian League.” _Archive for Reformation History_ 104 (2013): 134-157.
- “'One does not live by bread alone’: Rural Reform and Village Political Strategies after the Peasants’ War.” _Church History_ 79, 3 (September 2010): 556-584.
- “Zurich, Augsburg, and the Transfer of Preachers during the Schmalkaldic War.” _Central European History_ 42 (December 2009): 595-619.
- “The Mindelaltheim Affair: High Justice, ius reformandi, and the Rural Reformation in Eastern Swabia (1542-1546).” _The Sixteenth Century Journal_ 38, 2 (Summer 2007): 371-92.
- “Alliances and Sovereignty in European History.” FifteenEightyFour (blog). February 19, 2021.
- Re-invitation Scholarly Research Grant, 2019, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
- Michael J. Morris Grant for Scholarly Research, 2017-2018, Saint Joseph's University
- Faculty Merit Award for Teaching, 2017, Saint Joseph's University
- Franklin Research Grant, 2014, American Philosophical Society
- Summer Research Grant, 2014, Saint Joseph’s University
- Curriculum Development Grant, 2013, Saint Joseph’s University